Accommodating people with hidden disabilities
Construction workers build, repair, maintain, renovate, modify and demolish houses, office buildings, temples, factories, hospitals, roads, bridges, tunnels, stadiums, docks, airports and more.The International Labour Organization (ILO) classifies the construction industry as government and private-sector firms erecting buildings for habitation or for commercial purposes and public works such as roads, bridges, tunnels, dams or airports.It also relieves employing contractors of the obligation to provide mandated benefits to individuals who are contractors.This private arrangement subverts public policy and has been successfully challenged in court, yet it persists and may become more of a problem for the health and safety of workers on the job, regardless of their employment relationship.
This arrangement gives some independence to individuals who contract for their services, but at the cost of removing a wide range of benefits.
Like the workforce, the universe of construction contractors is marked by high turnover and consists mainly of small operations.
Of the 1.9 million construction contractors in the United States identified by the 1990 Census, only 28% had any full-time employees. The degree of contractor participation in trade organizations varies by country.
In the United States and some other countries, construction workers also clean hazardous waste sites.
Construction as a proportion of gross domestic product varies widely in industrialized countries.
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Construction workers typically are hired from project to project and may spend only a few weeks or months at any one project.